Taiwan Festival

The Splendid of Taiwan


Area : 36,000 square kilometres
Population : 23 million
Language : Mandarin / Taiwanese / Hakka / Indigenous Languages
Religion : Buddhism / Taoism / Christianity / Islam
President : Ma Ying-jeou


Taiwan's total land area is about 36,000 square kilometers (14,400 square miles). It is shaped like a leaf that is narrow at both ends. It lies off the southeastern coast of mainland Asia, across the Taiwan Strait from China-- an island on the western edge of the Pacific Ocean. To the north is Japan; to the south is the Philippines. Many airlines fly to Taiwan making it become the perfect travel destination.

Taiwan lies on the western edge of the “Pacific rim of fire," and continuous tectonic movements have created majestic peaks, rolling hills and plains, basins, coastlines, and other natural landscapes. Taiwan's tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate zone climates provide clear differentiation between the different seasons. There are about 18,400 species of wildlife on the island, with more than 20% being rare or endangered species. Among these are the land-locked salmon, Taiwan mountain goat, Formosan rock monkey, Formosan black bear, blue magpie, Mikado pheasant, Xueshan grass lizard, and so on.

The Taiwan government has established 8 national parks and 13 national scenic areas to preserve Taiwan's best natural ecological environment and cultural sites. There are various ways to discover the beauty of Taiwan. For example, trekking in the magnificence and sheer heights of the cliffs at Taroko Gorge; taking a ride on the Ali Mountain (Alishan) Forest Railway and experience the breathtaking sunrise and sea of clouds; hiking up to the summit of Northeast Asia's highest peak, Yu Mountain (Yushan) . You can also soak up the sun in Kending (Kenting) , Asia's version of Hawaii; standing at the edge of Sun Moon Lake; wandering through the East Rift Valley; or visiting the offshore islands of Kinmen (Jinmen) and Penghu. It's fun in capital letters as well as an awesome journey of natural discovery!


Formosa (beautiful island)

The Mountains

Taiwan has been abundantly endowed with forests. Some 258 mountain peaks are more than 3,000 meters high, geographically making Taiwan unique to any other country in the world. As mountains can be found anywhere, mountain climbing is a popular leisure activity in Taiwan. One can choose to hike the mountains on the outskirts of the city or accept the challenge of climbing one of the numerous high mountains, follow the course of streams and valleys, trace back the source of rivers, or cross entire mountains. In any case, lush scenery will unfold your eyes and it will not take too long for you to be convinced by the beauty of Taiwan's mountains.

In addition, there are eight national parks which offer a variety of distinct topographic landscapes: the Taroko National Park, a narrow ravine created by a river which has cut through the mountains; Yu Mountain (Yushan) National Park containing the highest landmark of Taiwan and also the highest peak in Northeast Asia ; Shei-pa National Park, featuring with its dangerously steep slopes; Yangming Mountain (Yangmingshan) National Park, offering volcanic craters and lakes; Kending (Kenting) National Park, encompassing only tropical area in Taiwan which breathes a truly Southeast Asian atmosphere; Kinmen (Jinmen)National Park, with its storied granite hills; Dongsha Marine National Park greets visitors with white coral and shell beaches and other geological wonders. Finally, both culture and natural attractions await your discovery at Taijiang National Park.

Baihe Lotus Photography by Ko Shu-Der

Sea World

Taiwan has a very rich marine ecology. You can see a groups of bottlenose dolphins, spinner dolphins, Risso's dolphins, and pan tropical spotted dolphins jumping out of the Pacific Ocean in the east coast of Taiwan. Azure seas and magnificent coral reefs can be found in Kending (Kenting) on the southern end of Taiwan, Green Island, and the Penghu Archipelago. It is the place for you to discover and to be amazed.


Taiwan has a warm and humid climate and a variety of terrain, including sandbars, plains, basins, hills, plateaus, and mountains. As a result, the country is home to abundant animal and plant life, including various endemic species, and can therefore be regarded as one gigantic eco-park. Because of the formation of mud flats and mangroves along the coast, large numbers of migratory birds from around the world are attracted to Taiwan, where they use these coastal areas as a temporary shelter and rest area before they resume their journey. In spring and summer time, there are the birds that leave the tropics behind to spend this season in Taiwan, such as the eye-catching fairy pitta, known in Chinese as the eight-color bird. During autumn time, birds from colder northern areas come to Taiwan to spend the winter, such as the black-faced spoonbill. The gray-faced buzzard will be right on time to participate in the Double Ten celebrations (Taiwan's national day) each year, and there are also countless other migratory birds that use Taiwan either as a stopover or as their final destination, one way or the other adding exuberant vitality to Taiwan's wildlife.


Taiwan is known for its towering mountains, and is reputable as a "Mountainous Island". The island is spotted with numerous mountains over 3,000 meters. It is also the Northeast Asia's tallest mountain, Yu Mountain (Yushan), which is nearly 4,000 meter in height. Besides mountains, beautiful coastal scenes are also part of Taiwan's great natural asset. Starting from the northern tip of the island is the North Coast & Guanyin Mountain (Guanyinshan) National Scenic Area and Northeast and Yilan Coast National Scenic Area that features various sorts of coastal geography. Traveling all the way down from here, one will first arrive at the scenic East Coast National Scenic Area and East Rift Valley National Scenic Area, and then the Dapeng Bay National Scenic Area blessed with sunshine and tropical touch. Alongside the mountainous areas is the Maolin National Scenic Area, where a lot of indigenous people live and place one can check out the world of butterfly, Rukai stone-made houses and Natural scenes in Taiwan. Legendary tales depict subtle beauty of Ali Mountain (Alishan) National Scenic Area, where you can enjoy the relaxing scene of sunrise & cloud sea. Natural setting of Sun Moon Lake National Scenic Area, eagle-spotting at Bagua Mountain, home of fruit - Li Mountain (Lishan) and sacred Buddhist sanctuary- Lion Head Mountain, can bring to you the many faces of the island's beauty.

Penghu National Scenic Area consists of ninety islets, scattering around the Taiwan Strait. Flat landscape makes it different from Taiwan Island. It is blessed with the most spectacular views.

Gateway Rock in Green Island
(Photography by LIU HSIEN MING)

Penghu National Scenic Area
(Photography by Hsu Company)

Sunset, Orchid Island
(Photography by Xu Jin-shu)

Located in the southeast of Taiwan, Orchid Island and Green Island offer the enjoyment of nature environment, such as whale spotting and scuba- diving. Matzu (Matsu) National Scenic Area comprises four townships on five islands. Most of the tourist sites are located in Nangan. Beigan are famous for stone houses and fish noodles. Juguang has its fishing port, as well as a lighthouse designated as a Class 2 historic site. In Dongyin one will find fantastic rock formations and the Dongyin branch of the Matzu (Matsu) Distillery. Southwest Coast National Scenic Area is the 12th national scenic area. Natural and cultural attractions abound at the Siraya National Scenic Area in southern Taiwan's Tainan City. In addition to five scenic reservoir areas (Cengwen, Wushantou, Baihe, Jianshanpi, and Hutoupi), the scenic area embraces the geologically fascinating Cao Mountain (Caoshan) Moon World, the Zouzhen archaeological site, and the skin-pampering mud springs of Guanziling. Colorful indigenous events and tasty local specialties also await you at Siraya. The scenic area's main attraction is a varied coastline that consists of sand dunes, sand banks, marshes and wetlands, offering precious ecological habitats for wildlife.

Taiwan now has 8 National Parks - Yanming Mountain (Yangmingshan) National Park in Taipei suburban, which is famous for its volcanic landscape;

Hsiaoyukeng in Yangmingshan
(Photography by HSU SHIH JUNG)

Autumn Fills the Mountains in Taroko National Park
(Photography by Zhen-Yuan Lin)

Yushan National Park

the Xueba (Shei-Pa) National Park, crossing Hsinchu & Miaoli counties and famous for special fish species- Formosan Oncorhynchus Masou; locating in Hualien county adjacent to Liwu creek; Taroko National Park is known for its lofty canyon landscape crossing many counties in central Taiwan;, Yu Mountain (Yushan) National Park is famous for its bright sunshine; locating in south tip; Kending (Kenting) National Park gives you a total touch of Southeast Asia; Kinmen (Jinmen)National Park is known for legacies from the war decades ago; the Dongsha Atoll Marine National Park was established in January 2007 at the north tip of the South China Sea, marking the southern portal to the Taiwan Strait. The atoll has a unique white sand landscape formed of coral and shell. Finally, both culture and natural attractions await your discovery at Taijiang National Park.

Besides, National Palace Museum, located in outskirt of Taipei City, is home to essence of the five-thousand-year Chinese history. It has the finest collections of Chinese Arts, providing an eye-opening experience of Chinese culture. Taiwan is somewhere you can experience the amazement of Chinese culture.

Travel Suggestion

In spite of being a small island, Taiwan has her special geologic structure, constituting a variety of prodigious and unique views. In addition to versatile cultural characteristics, Taiwan's traveling resources become more abundant. To make travelers enjoy themselves and have a in-depth traveling, we combine different natural views with cultural characteristics. Based on different topics, we provide visitors with a series of traveling routes.

Please see the website : http://eng.taiwan.net.tw

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